A directed model to facilitate implementation of motor learning principles in physical therapy. 17-2
A directed model to facilitate implementation of motor learning principles in physical therapy.
Affiliation: Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
Abstract: The motor learning domain is an extensive body of research that draws its origin from knowledge of brain plasticity, behavioral sciences, and research in motor rehabilitation. Despite broad knowledge in the field, integrating the principles of motor learning in physiotherapy is challenging. . Comprehensive and effective implementation of the principles of motor learning requires strategies that promote "knowledge translation" and bridge the gap between research and clinical practice. This paper presents a model that facilitates a systematic thought process for clinicians who have previous knowledge in motor learning, for creating an effective practice based on motor learning principles. The model consists of three key elements: selecting and identifying the motor skill and the learner characteristics, planning practice in relation to variables of learning, and assessing the learning process. Each key element consists of several items, which determine the actual structure of the practice and methods for its assessment. The model outlines the scheme of action and a list of key items the clinician must define. For each item, the clinician is required to adjust the parameters according to the characteristics of the skill and the individual. The proposed model allows existing knowledge to be organized in a systematic, integrated approach to formulate an optimal learning process.